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The common cold and the flu are both respiratory infections.

However, they are distinct viruses, and the flu virus can produce more severe symptoms than a cold. Remember that symptoms alone may not be enough to distinguish between the two. Viruses are the most prevalent cause of the common cold. An air conduction portion and a respiratory portion make up the respiratory system. Low temperature, particularly relative coldness, is the direct cause of the common cold. Viral growth and infiltration into the body thrive in conditions of low temperature and dryness. A runny nose is frequently the first symptom of a common cold, followed by a sore throat or fever. Fever, body pains, acute weariness, and a dry cough are more common and severe with the flu than with a common cold. As its name implies, the common cold is a frequent viral infectious disease that no one can prevent throughout their lives. This ailment has a 0% death rate, according to medical research. Even influenza, which is more morbid and harmful than the ordinary cold, has a near-zero death rate. The majority of health secrets are nothing more than common sense. For example, you should avoid coming into touch with bacteria and viruses, especially in public places. However, there are also plenty of additional feel-good options in helping you live a healthier lifestyle while preventing a runny nose or a sore throat. Here are some of the many ways to avoid getting a cold or the flu:

Eat well-balanced meals.

Good eating habits can help keep one’s growth and development on track and prevent developing chronic diseases as you get older. But did you know that eating nutrient-dense, well-balanced meals can also assist your immune system in fighting off viral invaders? Fill at least half of your plate with a variety of bright fruits and vegetables to increase your intake of infection-fighting antioxidants.

Keep dirty fingers away from making contact with your face.

Viruses are clever; they know that the easiest way to enter your body is to ride on your fingers and then wait for you to wipe your eyes, chew your fingernails, or scratch your nose. Avoid touching your face before washing (or at least sanitizing) your hands if you’ve been to the park, grocery store, or other germy locations.

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Wash your hands often.

While viruses from a sneeze or cough can drift through the air on the invisible droplets, you’re more likely to take them up from an infected surface. Wash your hands thoroughly before eating, after using the restroom, and whenever you return home from somewhere else to prevent unwanted cold and flu germs from entering your body.

Get plenty of sleep.

Getting enough sleep every day is an effective way to boost immune system function and reinforce your body’s natural defenses against viruses. A well-rested body is more likely to resist illness than one that is tired, drained, or otherwise worn out. While most people require seven to eight hours of sleep every night, children, depending on their age, require ten to fourteen hours of sleep (including naps). One reason to get an adequate amount of sleep is that the body produces cytokines while sleeping. Cytokines are a form of protein that regulates the immune system, which helps the body fight infection.

Keep your surroundings clean.

Throughout the day, everyone in your family picks up germs. Some of those germs even make their way into your home via a medium. Even if no one in your household is sick, you want to guarantee safety in your home by cleaning more frequently during the cold and flu season to remove any remaining bacterial hotspots. Maintaining the cleanliness of everyday accessories in your home has a good impact on keeping you and your family safe.

Stay away from people who are sick.

Through close contact with others, sick people can spread viruses that cause the common cold or flu. You can catch these viruses by either close contact through a simple touch or touching. If you do not follow it up by sanitizing your hands, there is a good chance that you will get infected. You can also catch them if droplets of the virus came into contact with you. Distancing yourself from sick people limits the spread of the virus and keeps your chances lower of getting infected.

Get a flu vaccination.

Although there is no vaccination available to prevent the common cold, there is a vaccine to prevent the flu. The vaccination comes in two forms: injection and nasal spray. It works by exposing viruses to the immune system. Antibodies (the body’s defense mechanism) are produced in response to the flu. The flu vaccination contains viruses that have died. The nasal spray contains live attenuated flu viruses. 

Stay active.

Did you know that active individuals are less likely to contract infections during the cold and flu season? Regular exercise reduces inflammatory stress hormones and boosts the release of infection-fighting white blood cells, in addition to keeping you fit and trim.